Which collector's item is surprisingly valuable
The passion for the extraordinary The ten most important art collectors in the world
Anyone who is ready to treat themselves to something extraordinary knows that neither the price nor the amount matters in life. The feeling that one felt in the hunt for it alone creates a value. How and what do the greatest art collectors buy? Join us on the hunt for what makes the difference: passion.
These are the top ten most important art collectors in the world:
01 François Pinault
He entered a museum for the first time at the age of 30. Today he has one of the largest art collections in the world. How does François Pinault tick? François Pinault resides in a neo-renaissance palace in central Paris. The entrance to the building is framed by a colorful installation by Daniel Buren. The waiting room is full of art, art everywhere. Pinault, the greatest collector of our time, is a short, energetic, smartly dressed man who offers you a coffee and says that he has very little time. Understandable, there is a lot to be done.
02 Patricia Phelps de Cisneros
"I think the name of the 'collector' is out of date."
Patricia Phelps de Cisneros should never be called a collector. “I think the name of the 'collector' is out of date,” says the Venezuelan-born patron of the arts. “When I think of the word, then it has something of colonial aspiration for me - that the world is there to make use of it.” Instead, Cisneros and her husband, the media entrepreneur Gustavo Cisneros, see themselves as stewards of their chosen treasures Latin American art. In the 1970s, the couple founded the Colección Patricia Phelps de Cisneros, based in New York and Caracas. The purpose of the foundation was to inform a global audience about the diversity, sophistication and breadth of Latin American art. And that at a time when knowledge about it in general did not go beyond the Mexican painters Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera. Today the collection is divided into five categories: contemporary art (including works by Javier Téllez, Jorge Pineda and Pia Camil), modern art (especially geometric abstractions like those by Lygia Clark and Jesús Soto), colonial art (originated in Venezuela during the Spanish and Republican period), traveling artists in Latin America (landscape painting by foreign artists from 1638 to the end of the 19th century) and the fascinating Orinoco collection. The last category, which consists of ethnographic objects (masks and documents) of the twelve indigenous groups along the Orinoco River, was brought together over three decades through family expeditions of the Cisneros ’.
03 Alice Walton
Alice Walton, one Heiress to the Walmart Empire, bought her first art before she even reached teenage years. For two dollars she bought a reproduction of Picasso's “Blue Nude”. Since then she has developed her passion for collecting and added a great patriotic component to it all. She's taken with American art - from Asher Brown Durand's Kindred Spirits (bought for $ 35 million in 2005) to Andy Warhol's screen print of Dolly Parton. Instead of locking away their extensive collection, Walton created the Crystal Bridges, a 185,000 square meter museum that is said to have cost 1.2 billion dollars to build. Located in Bentonville, the hometown of the Walton clan, visitors to the museum will find an estimated $ 500 million collection of Warhols, Rothkos, and Pollocks, as well as historical jewelry and a 1797 portrait of George Washington by painter Gilbert Stuart. Walton made made a name for itself in November 2014 when she bought Jasper Johns's “Flag” for $ 36 million. Fittingly, the artwork was then unveiled at the Crystal Bridges Museum on Flag Day weekend.
04 Natalia Kolodzei
"It would be a shame if art and artists didn't matter beyond their death."
For Natalia Kolodzei, owner and operator of the Kolodzei collection, art is a family tradition. She owns 7000 works by more than 300 Russian and Eastern European individual artists. Her mother Tatiana laid the cornerstone of the world's largest private collection in the 1960s. By the 1970s, Tatiana was fully absorbed in the modern avant-garde movement, collecting pieces by artists who would later be among the greatest in their country. When Natalia took over the collection in 1998, she stuck to the family tradition and gradually expanded the scope and catchment area of the collection. Through her work for the Kolodzei Art Foundation, which her mother founded in 1991 shortly after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Natalia, who lives in New York, has also made her family's collection accessible to a wider audience by holding exhibitions in Europe and the United States States showed. It's rather unusual for a Russian collector of her caliber, but Kolodzei has no plans to sell the pieces from her collection. She understands her role in strengthening the understanding and connection between the public and the arts. “It would be a shame if art and artists didn't matter after they died,” she says. "That's why we keep collecting and promoting the work of these people."
05 Leon Black
The New York financier has made more than one headline-grabbing purchase. His Art collection is valued at more than $ 750 million estimated. Black is known for placing record-breaking bids on famous works, including Raphael's "Head of a Muse," which he purchased from Christie's in 2009 for a record $ 47.9 million. He made his most impressive acquisition in 2012, when he is said to have bought Edvard Munch's “The Scream” at an auction at Sotheby’s New York. The final bid that won the bid was just under $ 120 million, which was the record for the most expensive painting ever sold at auction. Black himself has not yet confirmed the purchase of "The Scream". Only a few months after the auction, however, the work of art found its way into the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA). Noticeable: Black sits on the supervisory board of the museum - as well as those of the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Jewish Museum. A growing influence in the art world, Black also owns Phaidon Press, an art book publisher, and Artspace, an online art marketplace.
06 Bernard Arnault
When the Louis Vuitton Foundation opened its doors in Paris, the $ 143 million museum with the bold Frank Gehry design and a pool of great works of art - from Henri Matisse's "The Dance" to Jean-Michel Basquiat's "Grillo" - for a lot of fuss. For connoisseurs from all over the world, the insight into the carefully maintained collection of Bernard Arnault was exciting. A passionate art collector, the CEO of the luxury goods company LVMH Moët Hennessy Louis Vuitton has put his personal stamp on the collection by adding works from his private collection and commissioning original works. Arnault's background in fashion has undoubtedly inspired him to collect art. Hardly anyone unites these two worlds like he does. Due to the influence of the CEO, LVMH has become a big player in the art world. This has resulted in collaborations with Richard Prince and Takashi Murakami for Louis Vuitton. In May 2015, Arnault - who owned the Phillips de Pury & Co. auction house between 1999 and 2003 - played a key role in LVMH financing the German auction website Auctionata. The investment cemented LVMH's base as one of the new big players in the art world.
07 Edythe and Eli Broad
"I remember thinking that those soup cans would look cute in my kitchen."
Edythe made the start for the Broads in 1963. Or with his Chief Inspiration Officer, as Eli Broad affectionately calls the woman he has been married to for more than 60 years. In 1963 Eli, who later made his living with real estate and insurance, decided to relocate with the family to Los Angeles. After moving, Edythe started exploring the art scene around the Ferus Gallery on La Cienega Boulevard, where Andy Warhol had his first solo pop art show. "I remember thinking that those soup cans would look cute in my kitchen," says Edythe. "But I figured Eli would have me posted if I spent $ 100 on a picture of a soup can." Edythe first made small purchases, including a Toulouse Lautrec poster that her husband had noticed. “That also piqued his interest,” says Edythe. In 1972 the couple bought their first important piece. They paid $ 95,000 for a Van Gogh, which they later exchanged for “Untitled (Red Painting)” - a rare piece by Robert Rauschenberg from 1964. Today is hers 2.6 billion heavy collection, consisting of 2000 pieces by over 200 artists, matchless. They own works by artists such as Jean-Michel Basquiat, Keith Haring, Ellsworth Kelly, Jasper Johns, John Baldessari, Barbara Kruger, Jeff Koons and Kara Walker. In addition, the two collectors call 125 pieces by Cindy Sherman - and thus the world's largest collection of the artist - their own. And, yes, Warhol's "Small Torn Campbell’s Soup Can" from 1962, which they bought in 2006 for a record $ 11.7 million, is also among them. In September of last year, they opened a $ 140 million, three-story museum called Broad in Los Angeles so that they could exhibit their works of art themselves. “The aim is to make our collection accessible to as many people as possible,” explains Eli.
08 David Geffen
David Geffen recognizes talent when he sees it. The film and music producer made his first million at the age of 27 while working as an agent for the then unknown singer-songwriter Laura Nyro. His record labels Asylum, Geffen and DGC have made Linda Ronstadt, the Eagles, Crosby, Stills & Nash, Joni Mitchell, Guns N ’Roses and Nirvana world famous. In 1994 he founded DreamWorks with director Steven Spielberg and former Disney executive Jeffrey Katzenberg. Geffen was also the producer of the mega hits "Cats" and "Dreamgirls" on Broadway. So it is hardly surprising that this man has built up an art collection that is second to none. Although he is very cautious about the details of his collection, Geffen has shown a fondness for abstract expressionism over the years. He is said to have owned works by Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Barnett Newman, Willem de Kooning and Arshile Gorky. His name is also associated with masterpieces of modern art and pop art, by artists such as Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, David Hockney, Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein (who designed the DreamWorks Records logo). In 2006 he sold two of his most valuable pieces: Pollock's “No. 5 ”from 1948 and de Kooning's“ Woman III ”for a total of $ 277 million. With an estimated value of 2.3 billion owns Geffen's largest private collection in the world. Which he even beats Eli and Edythe Broad with. Geffen's collection accounts for about a third of his seven-billion-dollar fortune - a basis that he lavishly uses again and again to support artists. He has donated millions to facilities renamed in his honor, including the Geffen Playhouse and the Geffen Contemporary at MOCA, both in Los Angeles.
09 Ronald S. Lauder
"Important works should be made available to the public."
The heir to the Estée Lauder fortune was formerly the US ambassador to Austria, was a candidate for the election of the mayor of New York and led the peace negotiations between Syria and Israel. So it is hardly surprising that his art collection, which consists of more than 4,000 individual pieces and is estimated at over a billion dollars, is very broad. The pieces in the Ronald S. Lauder Collection date from the third century BC. Until the 20th century. These include armor and art from the Middle Ages, paintings by the old masters, decorative art from Venice, drawings and pieces of modern and art contemporary artists such as Wassily Kandinsky, Pablo Picasso and Gerhard Richter. Lauder's international experience also seems to have influenced his view of the art world. He believes that important works should be made available to the public. And so he founded the Neue Galerie in Manhattan. The stately villa from the early 20th century has been a dazzling place since 2001, where a selection of the best works by Klimt, Kirchner, Kubin and others can be seen. In addition, Lauder recently donated nearly $ 8 million to the National Gallery in London to keep a painting by Renaissance artist Giovanni Francesco da Rimini from going up for auction.
10 Jochen Zeitz
“I was on my first safari. It was just inspiring. "
The love for Africa blossomed about three decades ago when Jochen Zeitz visited the savannah of Kenya for the first time. “That was in 1989 and I was on my first safari. It was just inspiring, ”says Zeitz, who was CEO of the sports brand Puma for 18 years. “The atmosphere, the people and the nature - you could only fall in love. From then on, the continent played an important role in my life. ”His love for Africa soon developed into a passion for the art of the continent. In 2002 he founded the Zeitz Collection, which has grown into one of the largest collections of contemporary art from Africa. It contains pieces by internationally recognized artists such as William Kentridge, Chris Ofili and Kudzanai Chiurai. In 2013 he then opened the Segera Retreat - a safari lodge in Kenya that contains over 150 pieces from his collection. "The Zeitz Collection offers me a platform to be creative myself," says the Mannheimer. “And it gives me the opportunity to do the continent a valuable service.” Zeitz is currently working on what is perhaps his greatest creative service for Africa: that Zeitz Museum of Contemporary Art Africa in Cape Town, which is to be opened in early 2017 with a permanent exhibition exclusively from the Zeitz Collection. Designed by the British architect Thomas Heatherwick, it will be the largest institution in the world devoted to contemporary art from Africa at 9,500 square meters. Even if Zeitz could be ascribed to having made contemporary African art socially acceptable on the international stage, he still approaches collecting art with the enthusiasm that initially drew him to Africa. “I like everything I buy,” he says. “I have to like it and it has to be relevant to my collection. I always buy with the heart. "
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