Women who changed the world
International Women's Day: 10 women who changed the world
The German socialist and women's rights activist Clara Zetkin (1857-1933) was one of the most important advocates of Women's Day. She advocated an eight-hour working day, the right to vote and vote, equal wages for equal work, adequate mother and child protection and for equality for women in the Occupational Safety and Health Act. The first International Women's Day, attended by millions of women, took place on March 19, 1911 in Germany, Denmark, Austria, Switzerland and the USA. Since 1921, the day has been set on March 8th and was intended to commemorate the strike of women workers in a textile factory in Petersburg during the Russian Revolution in 1917.
International Women's Day in the turmoil of wars
After the First World War, women were allowed to vote for the first time in the elections to the constituent national assembly in 1919. The turnout was 82.3 percent. During National Socialism (1933-1945), the prohibition of the socialist parties no longer celebrated Women's Day. It was replaced by Mother's Day in 1932.
It was not until the 1980s that Women's Day regained greater importance in West Germany. In the GDR, on the other hand, Women's Day has always been an important day in social life. Today, on March 8th, there are events in many cities around the world devoted to current women's and human rights issues.
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