Why are so many people anti-government?
Numbers, facts and background Afghan refugees in Switzerland and the human rights situation in Afghanistan
Number of Afghan asylum seekers in 2016: 3,229 people (-45% compared to 2015)
Recognition rate, d. H. recognized as refugees: 215 people (8.2%);
Preliminary recordings, as eviction is illegal / unreasonable: 1,180 (44.7%).
Number of Afghan asylum applications in the first half of 2017: 625 people (-74.1% compared to the previous year);
Recognition rate, i.e. recognized as refugees: 11.2%;
Preliminary recordings, as eviction is illegal / unreasonable: 72.6%.
Afghanistan is still affected by an armed conflict in which the Afghan national security forces - supported by the international armed forces of NATO and in particular the USA - confronted the Taliban and around twenty anti-government groups.
According to the UNHCR, around 2.5 million Afghan refugees were living in over 70 different countries at the end of 2016, making them the second largest refugee group in the world. About 95 percent of them live in the two countries Iran and Pakistan. At the end of 2016 there were around 1.4 million Afghan refugees in Pakistan and 951-100 in Iran. By contrast, at the end of 2016 there were around 46,300 Afghan refugees living in Germany and 20,200 in Austria, 16,600 in Sweden, 16,000 in Italy and 11,400 in Greece and 5,650 in Switzerland. According to the UNHCR, 69,500 Afghan nationals were newly recognized as refugees in 2016.
In September 2016, the number of internally displaced persons in Afghanistan was approximately 1.4 million. It should be noted that their situation has deteriorated significantly over the past few years. First and foremost, they face problems in accessing medical care.
Worsened human rights situation
The renewed intensification of the conflict, which has now been going on for 14 years, has led to numerous human rights violations. According to the UN, the number of civilian casualties in fighting and attacks reached a new high in 2016 - there were almost 11,500 civilian deaths or injuries, a third of whom were children. The UNAMA (United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan) documented around 3,500 fatalities and more than 7,900 injured.
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