Nurses are good at biology

Nurse

A nurse gives her patient an injection.

Nurses care for and treat injured, sick or disabled people. It is a job that requires training. Today there are more modern names for it: One speaks of nurses and nurses. Together they are also called nurses.

Nurses mostly work in hospitals or nursing homes, sometimes they also drive home to sick people. The sick people are also called patients.

Nurses often work in shifts, which means that they also have to work at night. You also need to work on public holidays or weekends. In return, they have other days off.

Nurses wear special work clothes. In the past, the nurses wore a white apron and a bonnet on their heads. Today, caregivers often wear a specific shirt called a “tunic”. Women in particular have the job: In Germany, for example, there are around 550,000 women and only around 90,000 men.

There is a shortage of caregivers everywhere, because people are living longer and longer and need good care when they are old. This often means that nurses have to work a lot because of a lack of staff. Many nurses feel overwhelmed because they have to work hard, not make that much money, and work a lot of overtime. But the job is very important because patients have to be well cared for. Politicians are therefore considering how to convince more women and men to learn the profession.

What do nurses do?

Nurses perform many different roles. To do this, you work closely with doctors and therapists. They help doctors in their jobs by performing tasks given to them. They give the patient medication, often by injections. They bandage them or prepare them for an operation. In some countries, nurses are also allowed to draw blood from patients.

They also help patients with everyday things such as eating, washing or getting dressed if they need help with their illness. Nurses are also familiar with and monitor medical machines. They measure important data such as pulse, blood pressure or temperature and monitor the patient's condition. They write down this information and everything that they have done with the patient in detail. So all nurses and doctors always know exactly what is going on.

In the hospital, patients can always call a nurse for help using a button on their bed. If necessary, he will call a doctor. Nurses are in frequent contact with patients and get to know them so well. In order for patients to feel good, it is also important that they are comfortable and able to talk to someone. One speaks of mental health. It is also an important job of the nurse. They also talk to members of the family.

How was it before

In 1952, many nurses still wore bonnets on their heads.

Most of the nurses are women who have long been called "nurses". In the past it was mainly nuns from the monastery who cared for sick people, because this was done primarily out of charity. The nuns felt like sisters to one another. Anyone who took care of the sick was then a nurse. An apprenticeship like today didn't exist back then. The younger ones simply learned from the older ones.

Later on, there was an urgent need for people who were more knowledgeable about medicine and nursing, as there were great advances in science and medical research. There were also many injured as a result of wars. It was no longer enough that only women from monasteries cared for the sick and injured.

The first schools for nurses were established around 180 years ago. At first a lot of religion was also taught there. Later on, various people advocated learning more medicine in training.

One woman who tried very hard was Florence Nightingale. She initially worked in nursing for religious reasons and against the will of her parents. She realized that training with medical knowledge is necessary in order to be able to take good care of people. In 1860 she set up a school for aspiring nurses in London. At first only women could train in nursing, later men were allowed to learn the profession.

How can you become a nurse in Germany?

In between the job was called "health and nurse". Now the profession is called “nurse” or “nurse”. Geriatric nurses and pediatric nurses are now also nursing specialists, because the training of these three professions has been combined. The job title is protected. That means: only those who have completed an apprenticeship are allowed to call themselves that.

The training lasts three years. You need a middle school leaving certificate. You have to have a good knowledge of the natural sciences such as biology and chemistry. You should also be able to deal with people well.

The training usually takes place in hospitals or nursing homes. In between, you also go to a vocational school. You learn how to protect yourself against illnesses, how to treat illnesses, how to care for them, what the technical terms are called and how machines are operated. You also learn how to talk to family members. This is particularly important because you may also have to communicate when a person has passed away.

In some federal states there is also training as a nursing assistant or nursing assistant. This takes a year or two. The helpers relieve the nurses of simple tasks and support them in their work. Once you have completed your training, you can continue studying to become a nurse.

In the meantime, you can also study “nursing” at universities. For this, however, you need a technical college entrance qualification or a high school diploma. The course lasts three years. In addition to the degree, you can also call yourself a “nurse”.

After the basic training, some nurses do additional training as specialist nurses. You specialize in a certain area, for example in anesthesia or intensive care. They help with operations or take care of seriously ill people who, for example, have to be artificially ventilated.

What professions and training courses are there in Switzerland?

The easiest way is to train as a nursing assistant. It lasts two years. Before that, you have to complete elementary school and be able to understand and speak German sufficiently well. Then you can support patients in everyday life, for example with personal hygiene or in the household. You learn a lot about safety and hygiene, i.e. the necessary cleanliness. This also includes helping with written work.

Training as a “health specialist”, or FaGe for short, is more demanding. This training takes three years. A fairly good degree from elementary school is expected. FaGe learns everything the nursing assistant has to be able to do, but has more responsibility. Then there is the actual care: changing bandages and treating wounds, taking blood and urine samples and giving medication. This also includes syringes and infusions. An infusion needle remains in the vein for a long time. The attached tube can be used to give the patient fluids and medication over a longer period of time.

Anyone who is already FaGe or who has completed a high school with a Matura can start training as a qualified nurse. It used to be the qualified nurse or the qualified nurse. You then learn special things, such as treating bad wounds or caring for people shortly before death. You can also lead a team or train others. At the end you have a bachelor's degree, that is: Bätscheler, a special award. Those who want to study two more years will also receive the master’s degree.


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