Is Israel surrounded by enemies

Israel : The danger from neighboring countries

Lebanon

The relationship to the cedar state can be reduced to a simple denominator: Nothing new in the north. For decades, Lebanon has been considered a Hezbollah country, i.e. a potential threat to Israel's security. Because the powerful Shiite militia, militarily armored by Syria and, above all, Iran, is a declared enemy of the Jewish state. The “Party of God” has provoked the “Zionists” it hated many times in the past with actions such as rocket fire.

Often enough this led to real wars with numerous victims, especially among the civilian population. For Jerusalem it is already clear that Hezbollah - founded in 1982 as a resistance group against Israel's invasion of Lebanon - is nothing more than a terrorist organization. As such, it does not shy away from attacks abroad.
Just over a year ago, several Israeli tourists were killed in a bomb in Bulgaria. Both the government in Sofia and security experts hold Hezbollah responsible for the deadly attack. This is one of the reasons why the European Union has decided to put at least the “military arm” of the Shiite militia on its terrorist list. However, there were significant reservations from some EU members. Hezbollah members hold ministerial posts in the Lebanese government, so they belong to the influential political establishment and are firmly anchored in society. From Israel's point of view, this makes the "party of God" an even more dangerous enemy. And Lebanon a constant threat.

Egypt

Muslim Brotherhood or the Military - Which is Better for Jews? Officials in Israel have both deliberately and skilfully failed to comment on the officers' coup and the accompanying dismissal of President Mohammed Morsi. No wonder. The Islamist, now under house arrest, was anything but a dream partner from Jerusalem's point of view. That he was elected by the people had to be accepted as a democratic decision.

But recognizing him as a flawless democrat did not occur to anyone in Israel. Especially since Morsi had attracted attention in the past with anti-Israel and anti-Zionist attacks. Nevertheless, after he came to power, he promised to keep the peace treaty. And the head of state, who is now in custody, kept the promise. In addition, at the end of 2012, Morsi tried to mediate in the Gaza war between Israel and Hamas, which lasted several days - knowing full well that this would above all strengthen his own position in the Islamic world.

But at the same time he signaled to Jerusalem that it had no interest in widening the conflict. The same is likely to apply to the now de facto ruling Egyptian army. When analyzing soberly, it will be clear to the officers, as in the time of Hosni Mubarak, that there is no sensible alternative to the peace treaty.

Now new: We give you 4 weeks of Tagesspiegel Plus! To home page