Are refugee documents changed in Sweden?
Refugee crisis: Europe is tightening the tone
Austria: a country under pressure
90,000 asylum applications were made in Austria in 2015, this year the number could be 120,000. Every day, 4,000 more refugees enter the country via the Balkan route. In addition, Germany is now sending around 200 refugees back to Austria every day. Because they want to apply for asylum in an EU country other than Germany, for example in Denmark or Sweden. The Federal Police Directorate in Munich stated that the background for this measure was the implementation of the so-called Dublin Regulation. Accordingly, Austrian officials have turned back around 1,700 people at the border with Slovenia since the beginning of the year. Now Vienna is looking for a political solution with Berlin.
In October Austria announced that it wanted to build a barrier on the border with Slovenia to regulate the crossing of refugees.
Denmark: Finance your stay with jewelry and cash
In 2015 around 21,000 refugees came to Denmark. Similar to the Netherlands (see below), this country also has a very restrictive asylum policy. Temporary asylum seekers, late family reunification, reduced benefits: the government is doing everything it can to dissuade refugees from entering Denmark. Last year, a campaign was even started in Lebanon to educate the refugees about the meager aid.
Denmark's last very controversial measure: On January 13th, the Conservative government tabled a bill to allow the authorities to confiscate the valuables of refugees. This is to finance the stay in the country. Cell phones and wedding rings are excluded.
Sweden: No ID, no entry
163,000 asylum applications were submitted in Sweden last year. That's a record for the country known for its generosity and welcoming culture. Since January 4th, Sweden has been carrying out controls at the border with Denmark again. If you want to enter, you have to be able to identify yourself. Those who do not have such documents will be turned away.
After the attacks in Paris, the Swedish government announced that residence permits would only be issued for a limited period. Family reunification should also be made more difficult. The reason: The country that has taken in the most refugees in Europe in relation to its population feels that it has reached the limit of its capacities.
Finland: Right-wing extremist militias against the Islamic invader
With more than 32,000 asylum applications in 2015, Finland ranks fourth in Europe in terms of refugee admission. The other side of the coin: for several months, right-wing extremist militias have been patrolling several Finnish cities to defend the "Population before the Islamic Invaders" to protect. The Finnish government denounces the vigilante groups and in turn reacts with more restrictive entry regulations. If refugees want to take the ferry from Germany to Finland, they now have to present a visa. Finland is also negotiating with Somalia, Afghanistan and Iraq, for example, on how to more easily deport refugees to these countries.
Hungary: Crossing the border as a criminal offense
Hungary is considered a transit country for most refugees in order to travel on to the more affluent countries of the EU. Nevertheless, the refugee issue is strongly present in the political discourse of Prime Minister Viktor Orban, who likes to strike xenophobic tones and for refugees "See no basic right to a better life ".
In September 2015, Hungary's government rushed to tighten its laws against immigrants. First, since then, crossing the border is no longer just an administrative offense, but a criminal offense. This is usually punished with direct deportation, but can also be punished with a stay of up to three years in prison. The penalty can be increased by two years if there is damage to property, such as the 175 kilometer long and four meter high border fence with Serbia. Second, the new regulations give the army expanded powers. They are allowed to take part in border patrols using rubber bullets, tear gas and other weapons to secure the border, as long as the shots are not fatal.
Netherlands: "Bed, Bath and Bread"
The country is considered very attractive to refugees, although the Dutch asylum policy is one of the toughest in Europe. Nevertheless, 47,764 refugees applied for asylum in the Netherlands in 2015.
The country has been criticized primarily because of its so-called "bed, bath, bread" policy. This refers to the lack of legal possibilities for tolerating refugees and insufficient care for "illegals". A refugee is illegal if his asylum application has been rejected and he has not left the country within 28 days. The deadline for departure can then be extended to up to twelve weeks. After that, the "illegal" can only receive a minimum of care. That means: After a night in the dormitory and breakfast, he has to go back on the street. Anyone who does not want to leave the country and does not promote their own deportation will also lose this support.
Germany: faster integration, faster deportation
After the attacks on women on Silversternacht in Cologne, the federal government is discussing tightening German asylum laws. In future, criminal foreigners could forfeit their right to an asylum procedure if penalties are pronounced. That could include suspended sentences.
On November 1, 2015, a new asylum law came into force in Germany. Among other things, this provides for faster asylum procedures, faster repatriation of rejected asylum seekers, a longer stay in the initial reception centers and benefits in kind instead of cash benefits. In addition, Kosovo, Albania and Montenegro have been added to the list of so-called safe countries of origin. The new legislative package also includes better integration options for asylum seekers with good prospects to stay. However, critics point out that the capacity for language and integration courses is only sufficient for a fraction of asylum seekers. In 2015, Germany took in more than 1.1 million refugees, while 476,649 people applied for asylum in the Federal Republic of Germany.
Norway: Refugees from the Schengen area stay outside
There were around 30,000 asylum applications in Norway last year. The country is doing everything in its power to operate the most restrictive asylum policy on the European continent. According to Minister for Immigration and Integration Sylvi Listhaug, the reform of the law is inevitable for the country "those who arrive, receive, accommodate and integrate" could. Norway therefore wants to reject all refugees who try to enter from the Schengen area, especially those who move from Sweden. In addition, there are lower grants for asylum seekers and longer deadlines for family reunification.
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