Clean with bleach

Only use bleach for cleaning in exceptional cases

Chlorine and javel water

In general, bleaches contain aggressive acid compounds that make no distinction between soiling, colors and materials. In particular, bleaching with chlorine, which has been used for many years, is used less and less. The highly toxic element is increasingly being replaced by oxygen-based bleaches, which are less polluting.

One of the best-known chlorine-based bleaches is Javel water or Eau de Javel. It consists of sodium or potassium hypochlorite, which, in addition to its bleaching effect, has an antibacterial, disinfectant and odor-removing effect. It also kills all living things in the water from algae to fish. When mixed with acid, it creates highly toxic chlorine gas that can be fatal.

Modern bleach and home remedies

The chlorine-free modern plaster bleaches are less polluting, but still not ecologically harmless. In any case, wastewater is generated that is difficult or impossible to clean. The oxygen-based bleaches contain hydrogen peroxide, ozone, sodium carbonate or sodium percarbonate. The bleaching effect of carbonates is also used when bleaching with baking soda.

Soda is chemically related to baking powder. As sodium hydrogen carbonate, it is one of the ingredients of the baking agent. When used as a bleaching agent, it develops properties similar to "real" bleaching agents. It can also be used in laundry. Before using more aggressive bleaches, it is always worth trying to remove stains with baking soda or baking soda as a bleaching agent.

Check compatibility on plastered surfaces

Before using bleaching, it is essential that a detailed material compatibility test is carried out. During bleaching, oxidation is set in motion, which not only affects the rust stains, red wine stains and all other dirt residues. Floor and wall coverings made of plastic or fiber-containing fabrics such as carpets are quickly damaged if the bleach reacts chemically with the colors or materials they contain.

Store bleach in a safe, dry place in tightly closed containers. Even a small amount of evaporation generates toxic fumes. Only use bleach with protective gloves and avoid any skin contact.